The HyMARC national laboratories conduct research projects within the following task structure and focus areas. Additionally, HyMARC supports several seedling projects funded by the DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office.
In its third phase, the HyMARC research program is employing a co-design strategy, in which systems modeling and techno-economic analysis are directly coupled to materials discovery, design, and optimization to meet the requirements of specific hydrogen use cases.
HyMARC Phase 3 Task Structure
Task 1: Systems Analyses-Driven Efforts for Use-Case Scenarios
Lead: Hanna Breunig (LBNL)
Task 1 will develop and perform systems analyses to match hydrogen storage materials with applications for which there are clear benefits over batteries and physical storage. The paths leading to successful deployment identified by these analyses will focus material development, characterization, validation, engineering, and prototyping efforts to achieve intermediate- and long-term application performance targets.
Task 2: Materials Co-Design, Scale-Up, and Integration
Lead: Brandon Wood (LLNL)
Materials identified through Task 1, as well as the most promising materials advanced from HyMARC-2, will be evaluated, modified if necessary, and tested at both benchtop and kilogram scale to assess their performance and provide engineering data for future demonstration activities.
Task 3: New Materials, Catalytic Processes, and Concepts
Lead: Tom Autrey (PNNL)
Task 3 focuses on the new generation of smart designed materials, which leverage the foundational understanding of substrate-hydrogen interactions developed by HyMARC-2 but must be optimized for deployment. This task serves as a feeder to provide materials to the co-design activities in Tasks 2 and 3 for which satisfactory material solutions do not yet exist.
Task 4: Characterization and Validation
Lead: Sarah Shulda (NREL)
Task 4 will develop new advanced characterization tools and enhance existing capabilities to enable HyMARC to quickly evaluate new materials for future viability as hydrogen storage alternatives and transition them from bench-scale to large-scale solutions under relevant system conditions.
Task 5: Data Hub
Lead: Rachel Hurst (NREL)
The HyMARC Data Hub provides a solution for data accessibility both publicly and within the consortium, which is key to accelerating research across the geographically diverse national laboratory teams. The next step in the evolution of the Data Hub is to provide additional search capabilities and on-line data analysis and modeling tools for Data Hub users.
HyMARC Phase 3 Focus Areas: Designated High-Priority Research Topics
Within the task structure, various focus areas and projects are underway.
- New material evaluation
- New system validation
- Techno-economic and life cycle analysis
- Analysis support for prototyping
Materials Co-Design, Scale-Up, and Integration
- Design of materials, devices, and systems
- Scale-up of HyMARC Phase 2 materials
- Advanced sorbents
- Liquid organic hydrogen carriers
New Materials, Catalytic Processes, and Concepts
- Metal-organic frameworks with step-shaped H2 isotherms for improved volumetric usable capacities
- Multiple H2 binding in metal-organic frameworks for high storage capacity
- Storage by sorbents under ambient conditions
- Plasmonically driven de-/re-hydrogenation of liquid organic hydrogen carriers
- MXenes materials with high vacancies for hydrogen storage
- Dehydrogenative coupling of alcohols and amines using low-quality process heat
Characterization and Validation
- High pressure flow reactor for carriers
- Expanded PCT and thermal conductivity capabilities
- Advanced spectroscopy
- Rheometry for liquid hydrogen carriers
- Interlaboratory enthalpy of adsorption study
View the list of HyMARC seedling projects below, their leads, and the date the project started.
|Project Title||PI||Affiliation||Subs||Start date|
|Development of Magnesium Boride Etherates as Hydrogen Storage Materials||Godwin Severa||University of Hawaii at Manoa||10/16/2020|
|Electrolyte Assisted Hydrogen Storage Reactions||Channing Ahn||Liox Power Inc.||HRL Laboratories||1/17/2020|
|Optimized Hydrogen Adsorbents via Machine Learning and Crystal Engineering||Don Siegel||University of Michigan||Ford Motor Company||9/17/2020|
|ALD (Atomic Layer Deposition) Synthesis of Novel Nanostructured Metal Borohydrides||Steven Christensen||National Renewable Energy Laboratory||H2 Technology Consulting LLC||9/17/2020|
|Methane and Hydrogen Storage with Porous Cage-Based Composite Materials||Eric Bloch||University of Delaware||11/19/2020|
|Optimal Adsorbents for Low-Cost Storage of Natural Gas: Computational Identification, Experimental Demonstration, and System-Level Projection||Don Siegel||University of Michigan||Savannah River National Laboratory||11/19/2020|
|Metal-Organic Frameworks Containing Frustrated Lewis Pairs for Hydrogen Storage at Ambient Temperature||Shengqian Ma||University of North Texas||Argonne National Laboratory||12/19/2020|
|Heteroatom-Modified and Compacted Zeolite-Templated Carbons for Gas Storage||Nicholas Stadie||Montana State University||12/19/2020|
|Developing a New NG Super-Adsorbent Polymer (NG-SAP) for a Practical NG Storage System With Low Pressure, Ambient Temperature, and high Energy Density||Mike Chung||Penn State University||1/20/2020|
|Uniting Theory and Experiment to Deliver Flexible MOFs for Superior Methane (NG) Storage||Brian Space||North Carolina State University||1/20/2020|
|Hydrogen Release from Concentrated Media with Reusable Catalysts||Travis Williams||University of Southern California||Los Alamos National Laboratory||1/20/2020|
|Theory-Guided Design and Discovery of Materials for Reversible Methane and Hydrogen Storage||Omar Farha||Northwestern University||1/20/2020|
|High Capacity Step-Shaped Hydrogen Adsorption in Robust, Pore-Gating Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks||Michael McGuirk||Colorado School of Mines||2/20/2020|
|A Reversible Liquid Hydrogen Carrier System Based on Ammonium Formate and Captured CO2||Hongfei Lin||Washington State University||8Rivers||2/20/2020|
|Development of Magnesium Borane Containing Solutions of Furans and Pyrroles as Reversible Liquid Hydrogen Carriers||Craig Jensen||University of Hawaii at Manoa||2/20/2020|
|Developing a Novel Hydrogen Sponge with Ideal Binding Energy and High Surface Area for Practical Hydrogen Storage||Mike Chung||Penn State University||10/16/2020|
|Fundamental Studies of Surface-Functionalized Mesoporous Carbons for Thermodynamic Stabilization and Reversibility of Metal Hydrides||Eric Majzoub||University of Missouri-St. Louis||Washington University in Saint Louis; Saint Louis University||10/16/2020|
|"Graphene-Wrapped" Complex Hydrides as High-Capacity, Regenerable Hydrogen Storage Materials||D.J. Liu||Argonne National Laboratory||Southern Illinois University||10/16/2020|
|Super Metallated Frameworks as Hydrogen Sponges||Omar Yaghi||University of California, Berkeley||9/17/2020|
|Fluorinated Covalent Organic Frameworks: A Novel Pathway To Enhance Hydrogen Sorption and Control Isosteric Heats of Adsorption||Justin Johnson||National Renewable Energy Laboratory||Colorado School of Mines||9/17/2020|